Healing Kitchen

Thyroid Disease
To enhance thyroid function, individuals with thyroid disease should consume a diet rich in vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B6. In cases of hypothyroidism where iodine is lacking, kelp and other iodine-rich foods should be consumed to help restore thyroid function.

Because an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can rob the skeleton of calcium, a diet rich in calcium should be consumed. In addition, people with hyperthyroidism may benefit from eating foods such as raw cruciferous vegetables that contain a natural thyroid suppressor. Cabbage, radishes, peaches, rutabagas, mustard greens, turnips, horseradish, soybeans, spinach, peanuts, millet, and pine nuts are part of the food group that contains a suppressor substance. On the flip side, people with hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) should not eat suppressor foods in excess. In general, cooking de-activates the goitrogens.

To maintain a healthy thyroid, it is important to consume foods rich in tyrosine, zinc, beta-carotene, and vitamin E.

What You Should Eat & Why

Research suggests that calcium metabolism is altered among people with hyperthyroidism, rendering them more susceptible to osteoporosis. Calcium helps protect against osteoporosis.
Leading Food Sources of calcium: Broccoli, Bok choy, Amaranth, Salmon, Soybeans, Yogurt, Milk, Kale, Tofu, Cheese, fresh, Beans, dried

Iodine is imporant because it is a major component of thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of iodine: Salmon, Seaweed, Tuna

Niacin is required along with riboflavin and vitamin B6, for normal manufacture of thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of niacin: Rice, brown, Lamb, Pomegranates, Tuna, Wheat, Turkey, Chicken

riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Riboflavin is essential for normal manufacture of thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of riboflavin (vitamin B2): Avocados, Clams, Yogurt, Milk, Pork, fresh, Mushrooms, Lamb, Duck

vitamin B6
Vitamin B6 is required for normal manufacture of thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of vitamin B6: Sweet potatoes, Avocados, Bananas, Mangoes, Bok choy, Sunflower seeds, Tuna, Chick-peas, Salmon, Pork, fresh, Potatoes, Turkey, Chicken, Rice, brown, Barley

vitamin C
Vitamin C plays a key role in boosting immune system—and thyroid gland—function. It's important in the treatment of both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
Leading Food Sources of vitamin C: Cabbage, red, Potatoes, Strawberries, Tangerines & other mandarins, Peppers, bell, red, Oranges, Kiwi fruit

vitamin E
Vitamin E works with zinc and vitamin A to produce thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of vitamin E: Broccoli, Mangoes, Almonds, Avocados, Peanuts, Sunflower seeds, Brazil nuts

Zinc can help boost thyroid function and works with vitamin E and beta-carotene to manufacture thyroid hormone.
Leading Food Sources of zinc: Barley, Chicken, Oysters, Crab, Beef, Lamb, Wheat, Turkey

Date Published: 05/03/2005
> Printer-friendly Version